Tarzana Treatment Center Tarzana Treatment Center - Integrated Behavioral Healthcare - Call Now 1-800-996-1051

  Addiction Nutrition

Addiction Treatment

Adolescent Alcohol Abuse

Adolescent Alcohol Treatment

Adolescent Alcohol Treatment – Los Angeles

Adolescent Co-Occurring Disorders

Adolescent Drug Abuse

Adolescent Drug Addiction

Adolescent Drug Test

Adolescent Drug Treatment

Adolescent Drug Treatment – Los Angeles

Adolescent Heroin Abuse

Adolescent Marijuana Abuse

Adolescent Mental Health

Adolescent Prescription Drug Abuse

Adolescent Substance Abuse

Affordable Care Act (ACA)

Alcohol Abuse Facts

Alcohol Abuse in College

Alcohol and Drug Treatment

Alcohol Awareness Month

Alcohol Cravings

Alcohol Dependence

Alcohol Detox

Alcohol Facts

Alcohol Intervention

Alcohol Rehab

Alcohol Tolerance

Alcohol Treatment

Alcohol Treatment - Los Angeles

Alcohol Use Quiz

Alcohol Withdrawal

Alumni Association

Behavioral Addictions

Benzodiazepine Abuse

Benzodiazepine Tolerance

Benzodiazepine Withdrawal

California Budget Issues

California Drug Trends

California Telehealth Network (CTN)

Cocaine Addiction

College Alcohol Abuse

Community Counseling

Community Healthcare

Community Involvement

Community Programs

Co-occurring Disorders

Covered CA

Domestic Violence

Drug Abuse Facts

Drug Addiction

Drug Dependence

Drug Detox

Drug Intervention

Drug Overdose

Drug Rehab

Drug Tolerance

Drug Treatment

Drug Treatment - Los Angeles

Drug Withdrawal

Drug Withdrawal Symptoms

Dual Diagnosis

Ecstasy

Family Alcoholism

Family Drug Addiction

Gender Responsive Treatment

Gender Specific Treatment

Hallucinogens

Harm Reduction

Healthcare

Healthcare Integration

Healthy Way LA

Help With Alcohol

Help With Drugs

Heroin Addiction

Heroin Cravings

Heroin Detox

Heroin Treatment

Heroin Withdrawal

HIV and Drugs

HIV Test

HIV/AIDS Treatment

Homelessness and Addiction

Integrated Behavioral Healthcare

Intervention

Learn About Addiction

LGBT Alcohol Treatment

LGBT Drug Treatment

LSD

Marijuana Addiction

Medical Care

Medical Detoxification

Medicare

Medication Assisted Treatment

Mental Health Month

Mental Health Treatment

Methadone

Methadone Maintenance

Methamphetamine Addiction

Methamphetamine Treatment

Methamphetamines

Military Alcohol Treatment

Military Drug Treatment

Military Mental Health Treatment

Naltrexone for Heroin

Naltrexone for Opiates

Native American Alcohol Dependence

Native American Alcohol Treatment

Native American Community Outreach

Native American Culture

Native American Drug Addiction

Native American Drug Treatment

Native Americans and Alcohol

Nicotine Addiction

Online Alcohol Treatment

Online Counseling

Online Drug Treatment

Online Medical Care

Online Mental Health Treatment

Online Therapy

Opiate Abuse

Opiate Addiction

Opiate Addiction Treatment

Opiate Cravings

Opiate Detox

Opiate Tolerance

Opiate Treatment

Opiate Withdrawal

Opioid Abuse

Opioid Detox

Opioid Treatment

Opioid Withdrawal

Pain Killer Addiction

Pain Killer Detox

Pain Killer Treatment

Pow Wow-Upcoming Events

Prescription Drug Abuse

Prescription Drug Addiction

Prescription Drug Detox

Prescription Drug Overdose

Prescription Drug Side Effects

Prescription Drug Tolerance

Prescription Drug Treatment

Prescription Drug Withdrawal

Preventative Care

Primary Care

Promising Practices

Prop 36 Funding

Quitting Smoking

Recovery Month 2009

Recovery Month 2010

Relapse Issues

Relapse Prevention – Alcohol

Relapse Prevention – Drugs

Second Hand Smoke

Senior Alcohol Abuse

Senior Drug Abuse

Senior Medical Care

Senior Substance Use

Seniors Mental Health

Smoking Cessation

STD Awareness Month

Stimulant Addiction

Stimulant Detox

Stimulant Withdrawal

Substance Abuse Treatment

Technology in Health Care

Teen Alcohol Abuse

Teen Alcohol Treatment

Teen Drug Abuse

Teen Drug Addiction

Teen Drug Testing

Teen Drug Treatment

Teen Marijuana Abuse

Teen Prescription Drug Abuse

Teen Recovery

Teledermatology

Telemedicine

Telemental Health

Temporary Housing

Therapy

Third-Hand Smoke

Tobacco

Tobacco – Youth

Treatment Advocacy

Treatment News

Upcoming Events

Veteran Women Treatment

Veterans – Homelessness

Veterans Alcohol and Drug Treatment

Veterans Alcohol Treatment

Veterans and Prescription Drugs

Veterans Drug Addiction

Veterans Drug Detox

Veterans Drug Treatment

Veterans Mental Health Treatment

Vivitrol

Vivitrol for Heroin

Vivitrol for Opiates

Volunteer

Wellbriety

Wellness

Women-only Treatment

Youth Alcohol Abuse

Youth Alcohol Treatment

Youth Drug Abuse

Youth Drug Addiction

Youth Drug Treatment

Youth Marijuana Abuse

Youth Prescription Drug Abuse

 

Family Alcoholism and Adolescents

by James Heller 17. April 2009 09:24
April, 2009 marks the 22nd year of Alcohol Awareness Month.  

Tarzana Treatment Centers is participating with a series of articles meant to inform and educate the general public about alcohol abuse, dependence and treatment.  Considering that over 21 million Americans meet the criteria for alcohol abuse and over 53 million admit to past-month binge drinking, not to mention the many loved ones affected by each, our efforts are worthwhile.

When children grow up in a household with alcoholism or addiction, they are at higher risk of abusing alcohol or drugs in adolescence.  This can be due to genetic or environmental factors.

The abuse suffered by children of alcoholics is at least emotional, and at worst can include physical or sexual abuse.  Growing up in this environment, by the time the child reaches adolescence alcohol or drugs can be seen as a “normal” escape from reality.  Alcohol or drug abuse may become a habit used to temporarily forget the pain of child abuse, or even as a tool of revenge.

A family history of alcoholism or addiction may be passed on to a child through genes.  If that child drinks or uses drugs, just one experience could trigger the disease.  Any parent that engages in heavy drinking or drug use, or is aware of a family history, needs to seriously consider this fact.  These parents should attend alcohol and drug education for the family to prevent teen alcohol and drug abuse.

The following is from a brochure by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.  It offers important information for families with alcoholism or drug addiction.

-- Begin external content --

Alcohol and Drug Abuse Hurts Everyone in the Family

Dependence on alcohol and drugs is our most serious national public health problem. It is prevalent among rich and poor, in all regions of the country, and all ethnic and social groups.

Millions of Americans misuse or are dependent on alcohol or drugs.  Most of them have families who suffer the consequences, often serious, of living with this illness. If there is alcohol or drug dependence in your family, remember you are not alone.

Most individuals who abuse alcohol or drugs have jobs and are productive members of society creating a false hope in the family that “it’s not that bad.”

The problem is that addiction tends to worsen over time, hurting both the addicted person and all the family members. It is especially damaging to young children and adolescents.

People with this illness really may believe that they drink normally or that “everyone” takes drugs. These false beliefs are called denial; this denial is a part of the illness.

It Doesn’t Have to be That Way

Drug or alcohol dependence disorders are medical conditions that can be effectively treated. Millions of Americans and their families are in healthy recovery from this disease.

If someone close to you misuses alcohol or drugs, the first step is to be honest about the problem and to seek help for yourself, your family, and your loved one.

Treatment can occur in a variety of settings, in many different forms, and for different lengths of time. Stopping the alcohol or drug use is the first step to recovery, and most people need help to stop. Often a person with alcohol or drug dependence will need treatment provided by professionals just as with other diseases. Your doctor may be able to guide you.

-- Source: http://www.csat.samhsa.gov/NACOA/families.pdf --

Tarzana Treatment Centers in Los Angeles makes a daily effort to find treatment news articles that we can share with our readers in the alcohol and drug treatment community.  The external content was found among other articles of equal informational and educational quality.

Adolescent Alcohol and Marijuana Abuse

by James Heller 16. April 2009 13:49
April, 2009 marks the 22nd year of Alcohol Awareness Month.  

Tarzana Treatment Centers is participating with a series of articles meant to inform and educate the general public about alcohol abuse, dependence and treatment.  Considering that over 21 million Americans meet the criteria for alcohol abuse and over 53 million admit to past-month binge drinking, not to mention the many loved ones affected by each, our efforts are worthwhile.

A lot can be learned using sets of data.  The data below is from a 2007 report by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).  

Trends in adolescent alcohol and marijuana abuse have remained steady for about a decade, and alcohol use rates have always been higher than marijuana.  However, looking at the data below, significantly more teens enter adolescent alcohol and drug treatment claiming marijuana as the problem substance.  

Although a moderate amount of marijuana treatment admissions are imposed by law enforcement for illegal possession, they don’t account for the entire difference.  From this, one might conclude that alcohol is being overlooked as a factor in adolescent substance abuse.  

With all that is known about alcohol’s effects on adolescent brain development, there needs to be more attention paid to teen alcohol abuse.  Parents should research adolescent alcohol treatment even if their child engages in occasional binge drinking.

-- Begin external content –

According to the 2006 NSDUH, more than 8 million adolescents aged 12 to 17 drank alcohol in the past year, nearly 5 million used an illicit drug, and more than 4 million smoked cigarettes. In addition, on an average day during the past year, adolescents aged 12 to 17 used the following substances:

  • 1,245,240 smoked cigarettes;
  • 630,539 drank alcohol;
  • 586,454 used marijuana;
  • 49,263 used inhalants;
  • 26,645 used hallucinogens;
  • 13,125 used cocaine; and
  • 3,753 used heroin.

The 2006 NSDUH also indicates that:

  •  adolescents who used alcohol in the past month drank an average of 4.7 drinks per day on the days they drank; and
  •  adolescents who smoked cigarettes in the past month smoked an average of 4.6 cigarettes per day on the days they smoked.


TEDS reported that in 2005 there were 142,646 admissions for adolescents aged 12 to 17 to substance abuse treatment programs (TEDS data come primarily from facilities that receive some public funding). TEDS also indicates that on an average day in 2005, adolescent admissions to treatment presented with the following substances as the primary substance of abuse:

  • 255 with marijuana;
  • 72 with alcohol;
  • 24 with stimulants;
  • 10 with cocaine;
  • 7 with opiates; and
  • 7 with other drugs.

-- Source: http://oas.samhsa.gov/2k7/youthFacts/youth.htm --

Tarzana Treatment Centers in Los Angeles makes a daily effort to find treatment news articles that we can share with our readers in the alcohol and drug treatment community.  The external content was found among other articles of equal informational and educational quality.

Why Some Adolescents Drink

by James Heller 15. April 2009 14:59
April, 2009 marks the 22nd year of Alcohol Awareness Month.  

Tarzana Treatment Centers is participating with a series of articles meant to inform and educate the general public about alcohol abuse, dependence and treatment.  Considering that over 21 million Americans meet the criteria for alcohol abuse and over 53 million admit to past-month binge drinking, not to mention the many loved ones affected by each, our efforts are worthwhile.

Any parent should find the information below useful.  It is from a 2006 report released by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.  This section can help parents of teens identify possible signs of adolescent alcohol abuse, and to discuss alcohol education or treatment if necessary.  Parents of younger children may find ways to prevent future problems.

There is also information for those with alcoholism in the family already.  While genetics play a part in alcoholism, there are other factors to consider in preventing teen alcohol abuse.

-- Begin external content –

WHY DO SOME ADOLESCENTS DRINK?
As children move from adolescence to young adulthood, they encounter dramatic physical, emotional, and lifestyle changes. Developmental transitions, such as puberty and increasing independence, have been associated with alcohol use. So in a sense, just being an adolescent may be a key risk factor not only for starting to drink but also for drinking dangerously.

Risk-Taking—Research shows the brain keeps developing well into the twenties, during which time it continues to establish important communication connections and further refines its function. Scientists believe that this lengthy developmental period may help explain some of the behavior which is characteristic of adolescence—such as their propensity to seek out new and potentially dangerous situations. For some teens, thrill-seeking might include experimenting with alcohol. Developmental changes also offer a possible physiological explanation for why teens act so impulsively, often not recognizing that their actions—such as drinking—have consequences.

Expectancies—How people view alcohol and its effects also influences their drinking behavior, including whether they begin to drink and how much. An adolescent who expects drinking to be a pleasurable experience is more likely to drink than one who does not. An important area of alcohol research is focusing on how expectancy influences drinking patterns from childhood through adolescence and into young adulthood. Beliefs about alcohol are established very early in life, even before the child begins elementary school. Before age 9, children generally view alcohol negatively and see drinking as bad, with adverse effects. By about age 13, however, their expectancies shift, becoming more positive. As would be expected, adolescents who drink the most also place the greatest emphasis on the positive and arousing effects of alcohol.

Sensitivity and Tolerance to Alcohol—Differences between the adult brain and the brain of the maturing adolescent also may help to explain why many young drinkers are able to consume much larger amounts of alcohol than adults before experiencing the negative consequences of drinking, such as drowsiness, lack of coordination, and withdrawal/hangover effects. This unusual tolerance may help to explain the high rates of binge drinking among young adults. At the same time, adolescents appear to be particularly sensitive to the positive effects of drinking, such as feeling more at ease in social situations, and young people may drink more than adults because of these positive social experiences.

Personality Characteristics and Psychiatric Comorbidity—Children who begin to drink at a very early age (before age 12) often share similar personality characteristics that may make them more likely to start drinking. Young people who are disruptive, hyperactive, and aggressive—often referred to as having conduct problems or being antisocial—as well as those who are depressed, withdrawn, or anxious, may be at greatest risk for alcohol problems. Other behavior problems associated with alcohol use include rebelliousness, difficulty avoiding harm or harmful situations, and a host of other traits seen in young people who act out without regard for rules or the feelings of others (i.e., disinhibition).

Hereditary Factors—Some of the behavioral and physiological factors that converge to increase or decrease a person’s risk for alcohol problems, including tolerance to alcohol’s effects, may be directly linked to genetics. For example, being a child of an alcoholic or having several alcoholic family members places a person at greater risk for alcohol problems. Children of alcoholics (COAs) are between 4 and 10 times more likely to become alcoholics themselves than are children who have no close relatives with alcoholism. COAs also are more likely to begin drinking at a young age and to progress to drinking problems more quickly.

Research shows that COAs may have subtle brain differences which could be markers for developing later alcohol problems. For example, using high-tech brain-imaging techniques, scientists have found that COAs have a distinctive feature in one brainwave pattern (called a P300 response) that could be a marker for later alcoholism risk. Researchers also are investigating other brainwave differences in COAs that may be present long before they begin to drink, including brainwave activity recorded during sleep as well as changes in brain structure and function.

Some studies suggest that these brain differences may be particularly evident in people who also have certain behavioral traits, such as signs of conduct disorder, antisocial personality disorder, sensation-seeking, or poor impulse control. Studying how the brain’s structure and function translates to behavior will help researchers to better understand how predrinking risk factors shape later alcohol use. For example, does a person who is depressed drink to alleviate his or her depression, or does drinking lead to changes in his brain that result in feelings of depression?

Other hereditary factors likely will become evident as scientists work to identify the actual genes involved in addiction. By analyzing the genetic makeup of people and families with alcohol dependence, researchers have found specific regions on chromosomes that correlate with a risk for alcoholism. Candidate genes for alcoholism risk also have been associated with those regions. The goal now is to further refine regions for which a specific gene has not yet been identified and then determine how those genes interact with other genes and gene products as well as with the environment to result in alcohol dependence. Further research also should shed light on the extent to which the same or different genes contribute to alcohol problems, both in adults and in adolescents.

Environmental Aspects—Pinpointing a genetic contribution will not tell the whole story, however, as drinking behavior reflects a complex interplay between inherited and environmental factors, the implications of which are only beginning to be explored in adolescents. And what influences drinking at one age may not have the same impact at another. As Rose and colleagues show, genetic factors appear to have more influence on adolescent drinking behavior in late adolescence than in mid-adolescence.

Environmental factors, such as the influence of parents and peers, also play a role in alcohol use. For example, parents who drink more and who view drinking favorably may have children who drink more, and an adolescent girl with an older or adult boyfriend is more likely to use alcohol and other drugs and to engage in delinquent behaviors.

Researchers are examining other environmental influences as well, such as the impact of the media. Today alcohol is widely available and aggressively promoted through television, radio, billboards, and the Internet. Researchers are studying how young people react to these advertisements. In a study of 3rd, 6th, and 9th graders, those who found alcohol ads desirable were more likely to view drinking positively and to want to purchase products with alcohol logos. Research is mixed, however, on whether these positive views of alcohol actually lead to underage drinking.

-- Source: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AA67/AA67.htm --

Tarzana Treatment Centers in Los Angeles makes a daily effort to find treatment news articles that we can share with our readers in the alcohol and drug treatment community.  The external content was found among other articles of equal informational and educational quality.

The Urgency of Teen Alcohol Treatment

by James Heller 15. April 2009 11:50
April, 2009 marks the 22nd year of Alcohol Awareness Month.  

Tarzana Treatment Centers is participating with a series of articles meant to inform and educate the general public about alcohol abuse, dependence and treatment.  Considering that over 21 million Americans meet the criteria for alcohol abuse and over 53 million admit to past-month binge drinking, not to mention the many loved ones affected by each, our efforts are worthwhile.


Adolescent alcohol abuse does not need to become dependence before alcohol treatment is considered.  The damage can begin with the first time a teen gets drunk, depending on the amount used and if there is a health issue that can be aggravated.  

Some parents seem to accept that their teenager will go to parties and use alcohol.  In many cases there is a sense of relief that “at least he/she isn’t using drugs”.  They consider a hangover punishment enough, and, hopefully, a lesson that will keep the teen from repeating the act of heavy binge drinking.  Many times the lesson is indeed learned, but is it really worth it to risk a child’s future?

These parents will probably gain some insight from the Call to Action issued by the Acting Surgeon General in March, 2007, excerpted below.  At the very least, adolescent alcohol education groups should be considered for teens who occasionally binge drink.  For parents concerned that a real problem exists, outpatient and residential alcohol treatment, like adolescent programs at Tarzana Treatment Centers, can help.

-- Begin external content--

THE NATURE AND EXTENT OF UNDERAGE ALCOHOL USE

Underage drinking is a significant but often overlooked problem in the United States. Young people between the ages of 12 and 20 are more likely to use alcohol than use tobacco or illicit drugs, including marijuana. Although adolescents tend to drink less frequently than adults, they drink considerably more per occasion—5 drinks on average. Underage alcohol use, and especially binge drinking—a particularly harmful pattern of drinking—puts individuals at risk for a range of problems.

Despite the high prevalence of and the problems associated with underage drinking, many adults do not realize the extent of the problem, or do not view underage drinking as harmful. Many see alcohol use by teens as a “rite of passage” and may even facilitate it. Challenging this culture of acceptance is key to preventing and reducing underage drinking.

Alcohol use is intertwined with growing up in the United States. Both drinking and binge drinking ramp up dramatically during the teen years and into early adulthood. By age 15, approximately 50 percent of boys and girls have had a whole drink of alcohol; by age 21, approximately 90 percent have done so. Even more worrisome is the fact that many youth engage in binge drinking. National surveys indicate an increase in binge drinking days for girls through age 18 and boys through age 20. Among college students, about 80 percent drink alcohol, about 40 percent binge drink, and about 20 percent binge drink three or more times within a 2-week period. Among underage military personnel, 62.3 percent report drinking alcohol at least once a year and 21.3 percent report heavy alcohol use.

The number of young people who drink and the way they drink results in a wide range of negative consequences affecting large numbers of underage drinkers and those around them. These consequences include risky sexual behavior; physical and sexual assaults; potential effects on the developing brain; problems in school, at work, and with the legal system; various types of injury; car crashes; homicide and suicide; and death from alcohol poisoning.

In addition, early initiation of drinking is associated with alcohol dependence both during adolescence and later in life. According to a landmark survey on the drinking habits of Americans, the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), the highest prevalence of alcohol dependence is among 18- to 20-year-olds.

-- Source: http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AA73/AA73.htm --

Tarzana Treatment Centers in Los Angeles makes a daily effort to find treatment news articles that we can share with our readers in the alcohol and drug treatment community.  The external content was found among other articles of equal informational and educational quality.

Adolescent Alcohol Abuse and Brain Development

by James Heller 14. April 2009 13:57
April, 2009 marks the 22nd year of Alcohol Awareness Month.  

Tarzana Treatment Centers is participating with a series of articles meant to inform and educate the general public about alcohol abuse, dependence and treatment.  Considering that over 21 million Americans meet the criteria for alcohol abuse and over 53 million admit to past-month binge drinking, not to mention the many loved ones affected by each, our efforts are worthwhile.


Adolescents risk much more than a hangover from alcohol abuse.  In recent years evidence points to critical brain development during teen years and how alcohol abuse poses a threat to that development.

It is known from decades of research that alcohol abuse and dependence does irreversible damage to the adult brain.  The damage comes from the death of brain cells, causing long-term memory loss among various other possible problems.  In general, the damage has to do with lost abilities.

For adolescents, the problems have more to do with how the brain will operate later in life.  The excerpt below is from a report by Duke University Assistant Research Professor Aaron M. White, PhD.  The full report is a detailed look at how alcohol abuse effects adolescent brain development, and is linked after the excerpt.

The brain’s development appears to continue up to age 21 according to latest research.  Professor White suggests below that there is a child phase and an adolescent phase.  Simply put, brain cells grow and work together based in part on experiences with others in both phases.  The adolescent phase is separate from the child phase.  New experiences may cause new cell connections or eliminate them during adolescence, changing the way the brain operates.

Binge drinking not only kills some brain cells in adolescents, but also interferes with new connections between healthy cells.  Depending on which cells are altered, behavior patterns and learning abilities can suffer permanent negative effects.  Knowing this offers a new sense of urgency in seeking adolescent alcohol treatment at the first signs of teen alcohol abuse.

-- Begin external content --

Overproduction of neuronal tissue is a central theme in early brain development, from the womb to late childhood. Human infants are born with far more neurons than are present in the adult brain. The selection process that determines whether an individual cell lives or dies is based on several factors, including the transmission of neurotrophic factors from the post-synaptic cell to the pre-synaptic cell in response to excitatory synaptic activity. In this way, cells that fire together wire together, and those that do not make meaningful contacts with other cells do not survive. One key benefit of this process is that it allows a child’s brain to be sculpted by his/her interactions with the outside world (Chugani, 1998).

       In recent years, it has become clear that, during adolescence, as in childhood, the brain is highly plastic and shaped by experience. A substantial number of synapses are eliminated, or pruned, in the cortex during adolescence, and this process is presumably influenced, at least in part, by interactions with the outside world (Huttenlocher, 1979; Lidow et al., 1991; Seeman, 1999). It is tempting to conclude that adolescent brain development must simply be an extension of childhood brain development; that it represents a transition stage between childhood and adulthood in a manner similar to how adolescence itself has long been viewed. In actuality, it appears that many of the changes that take place during the second decade of life are novel and do not simply represent the trailing remnants of childhood plasticity.

-- Source: http://www.duke.edu/~amwhite/Adolescence/index.html --

Tarzana Treatment Centers in Los Angeles makes a daily effort to find treatment news articles that we can share with our readers in the alcohol and drug treatment community.  The external content was found among other articles of equal informational and educational quality.

Native American FASD

by James Heller 8. April 2009 13:09
April, 2009 marks the 22nd year of Alcohol Awareness Month.  

Tarzana Treatment Centers is participating with a series of articles meant to inform and educate the general public about alcohol abuse, dependence and treatment.  Considering that over 21 million Americans meet the criteria for alcohol abuse and over 53 million admit to past-month binge drinking, not to mention the many loved ones affected by each, our efforts are worthwhile.

Looking at studies, there is no real consensus over whether genetics plays a part in alcoholism among Native Americans.  While some conclude there is clear evidence that Native Americans metabolize alcohol differently from other races, others say there is none.  So the focus needs to remain on environmental trends that carry the problem of alcoholism among Native Americans from generation to generation.

One problem that is being addressed is alcohol use among pregnant women.  Alcohol’s effects on the fetus manifest into a wide range of physical, emotional, and behavioral problems.  While none of these necessarily predispose a new generation to alcoholism, it is a clear indication of how alcohol use affects new generations of the Native American community.

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration report on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Among Native Americans details statistics that show a need to address this problem, and how it can be solved with treatment.

Tarzana Treatment Centers provides alcohol detox and treatment for Native Americans as described below.  Native American traditions and ceremonies, including family members in treatment, and offering parenting classes are all a part of the alcohol and drug treatment we provide for Native Americans.  We also attend Pow Wows to maintain close ties with, and to educate, Native Americans.


-- Begin external content --

WHAT ARE FETAL ALCOHOL SPECTRUM DISORDERS?

“Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders” (FASD) is an umbrella term describing the range of effects that can occur in an individual whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy.  These effects may include physical, mental, behavioral, and/or learning disabilities with possible lifelong implications. The term FASD is not used as a clinical diagnosis. It refers to conditions such as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND), and alcohol-related birth defects (ARBD). Each year, at least 40,000 babies are born with an FASD, costing the Nation up to $6 billion. The average lifetime cost for one individual with FAS is approximately $1.4 million.

FASD, as well as alcoholism and alcohol abuse, are serious problems in some Native communities.  However, the stereotype of the drunken Indian is misleading. In some tribes, alcohol use is similar to or lower than the general U.S. population. On a typical day, abstinence is common.

WHAT IS BEING DONE TO ADDRESS FASD AMONG NATIVE AMERICANS?

Services are greatly needed to address FASD in Native American communities, including prevention efforts and interventions for children and adults with an FASD.

An assessment of 10 tribal reservations and five urban Indian Community Health Centers showed that such services were limited or nonexistent.

Interventions should:
  • Incorporate tribal practices, combining mainstream, evidence-based strategies with traditional elements such as talking circles and ceremonies
  • Address alcohol issues in families to break the cycle of alcohol abuse, since FASD is often a multigenerational problem
  • Incorporate collaborative, holistic approaches both at home and school for people with an FASD, such as training in effective parenting and teaching strategies The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s FASD Center for Excellence is working with tribal leaders to develop culturally appropriate resources, provide training on prevention and intervention, and identify best practices. Building on the cultural strengths of Native American communities can support positive outcomes at all stages, from early intervention for infants to adult support services.

Pregnancy is a sacred time for many Native Americans. Many tribes share the belief that individuals must consider the impact of their decisions on the next seven generations.  Preventing alcohol abuse during pregnancy is a powerful way to protect future generations and ensure that all children have a healthy start, free of FASD.

-- Source: http://download.ncadi.samhsa.gov/Prevline/pdfs/SMA06-4245.pdf --

Tarzana Treatment Centers in Los Angeles makes a daily effort to find treatment news articles that we can share with our readers in the alcohol and drug treatment community.  The external content was found among other articles of equal informational and educational quality.

A Healing Poem

by James Heller 7. April 2009 11:51
The loss of a loved one due to alcoholism or drug addiction profoundly stirs emotions in family members and friends.  The normal grief process is typically interrupted with unanswered questions of why alcohol or drug treatment wasn’t sought or didn’t work.  

In some cases the release of emotion through creativity brings healing, and gives the rest of us a chance to relate.

Ruth Marcia shares this poem


I was awake in my sleep; I couldn’t release my mind, and put it on idle for the
night.

I wasn’t tired.  I was just awake while asleep.

I felt cold.  It was not the usual way to feel, always on the
move of active mornings I was cold on my feet.  I kept telling people how cold I was,
especially my feet.  My shoes felt so big that day and my feet so skinny.

The last few days, my body has been as old as always, but
my mind has been so aware, of unknown sensations, like a clock clicking in my
head about something to do; of undone things.

A week ago my dearest root of my ancestors succumbed to years of usage.  Blind and
with her memories erased, she expired in the comfort and company of loved ones.  
Knowing that brought a generalized internal peace to the heart of the bloodline.

Five o’clock, out in the field starving, my wise liquid food supplies helped to ease
sweet blood to my cells.  Or so I thought.  My gastric organs didn’t appreciate such
an invasion and forced me to rush home sweet home to alleviate the discomfort.

And my mind clicking, wanting to do things undone for months,
like when you clean your house because you are expecting a guest.  And, yeah, I was
expecting company.  The same company I’ve had before, which never baked a worry
in me.

Food was made, sort of a meal.  A different meal, a texture
of meal, a comfort food, and then the phone call.  A crying voice was heard, a
voice that couldn’t talk but cried.  What can be possibly wrong now?

The Matriarch had been gone for a week.  What else could it
be?  We knew it was her time to go.

And then another voice announced to me I just had lost a
brother.  Without saying a name I know which one, the troubled one.  He ceased.  He
couldn’t bear life any longer.  He couldn’t keep his life
inside.  He released his emotional pain with physical pain.

It was not the weather's fault for my being cold.  It was not
the liquid meal that made me sick.  It was the bad news circulating in the air,
a foreign air coming from the South.  Five o’clock when I felt sick, when he died.

I don’t know what to say to the people I love; I don’t know
what to say to people who love me. I just want to talk and keep quiet; I just
want to keep quiet and talk.  But I don’t know what to say.

Would he be forgiven?
A candle is smiling in the kitchen, lighting his journey to the other
side.

Native American Years of Potential Life Lost

by James Heller 7. April 2009 08:50
April, 2009 marks the 22nd year of Alcohol Awareness Month.  

Tarzana Treatment Centers is participating with a series of articles meant to inform and educate the general public about alcohol abuse, dependence and treatment.  Considering that over 21 million Americans meet the criteria for alcohol abuse and over 53 million admit to past-month binge drinking, not to mention the many loved ones affected by each, our efforts are worthwhile.


How can 54,571 years be lost in 4 years? When it comes to the Native American and Alaskan Native communities of the U.S., just add alcohol.

It is common knowledge that alcohol abuse and dependence takes its toll on Native Americans in many ways.  Looking at the years of potential life lost to alcohol paints an emotionally painful picture compared to simple crime and death statistics.  Hopefully this will motivate more Native Americans to seek alcohol detox and treatment.  

Consider that a Native American has an approximate average life expectancy of 75 years.  When that age is not reached, simply stated, the age of death is subtracted from the average life expectancy to get the years of potential life lost.  While it is impossible to determine the actual amount of years a person would have lived, it is reasonable to use this formula to express the impact of unnatural causes of death like those attributed to alcoholism and alcohol abuse.

Even as a potential approximation, reported by the US Centers for Disease Control, 54,571 years is a staggering number.  Divide that number by the 1514 alcohol-attributable deaths reported among Native Americans and Alaskan Natives, and we get about 36 years of potential life lost per person.  It is 43 years if we remove chronic causes, and only use the numbers relating to traffic accidents, alcohol poisoning, homicide, suicide, and other acute causes of death.

Culture-specific alcohol detox and treatment for Native Americans, like at Tarzana Treatment Centers, can serve to not only reduce the amount of living years lost for Native Americans, but it can increase the amount of quality living in the years to come.  

The table below from the US Centers for Disease Control details the data from its 2006 report.

-- Begin external content --


-- Source: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5734a3.htm --

Tarzana Treatment Centers in Los Angeles makes a daily effort to find treatment news articles that we can share with our readers in the alcohol and drug treatment community.  The external content was found among other articles of equal informational and educational quality. 

College Alcohol Abuse Reduction

by James Heller 7. April 2009 07:34
April, 2009 marks the 22nd year of Alcohol Awareness Month.  

Tarzana Treatment Centers is participating with a series of articles meant to inform and educate the general public about alcohol abuse, dependence and treatment.  Considering that over 21 million Americans meet the criteria for alcohol abuse and over 53 million admit to past-month binge drinking, not to mention the many loved ones affected by each, our efforts are worthwhile.

New approaches to college student alcohol abuse are being explored as new data emerges from detailed studies.  For decades, the plan was to educate and warn first year students about the dangers of heavy drinking.  While this plan tends to plant a good seed in fresh minds, it has minimal effect on the behavior of most students.  The main reason is that these young minds have not yet had to cope with the academic and social stresses that come with college life.

A recent study at Ohio State University shows evidence that a student who drinks heavily throughout college might carry that pattern into adulthood.  This makes sense because these students drink to cope with college, and alcoholics, by definition, drink in order to cope with life-in-general.  So the student learns to cope by drinking troubles away instead of learning normal coping mechanisms that come from trial and error.

This study suggests in its conclusion that focus should be placed on junior year students.  This could help identify students who have used alcohol as a coping mechanism in their first two years of college.  These students could then be directed to resources that can help them avoid future alcohol problems.  It could also open the door to alcohol treatment for students and their families, and alcohol detox if dependence has set in.

Exserpts from the study are below.  A link to the full text follows:

-- Begin External Content --
STUDY HELPS IDENTIFY COLLEGE DRINKERS WHO MIGHT CONTINUE EXCESSIVE DRINKING AS ADULTS

COLUMBUS, Ohio – College students who are problem drinkers using alcohol to cope with personal problems and boost self-confidence are more likely to continue excessive drinking into adulthood, a recent study suggests.
The Ohio State University survey results suggest that adults who are still high-risk drinkers by age 34 may have inadvertently used alcohol to blunt the social and cognitive development that typically occurs during college, including the ability to handle alcohol.

High-risk drinkers in the survey who stopped problem drinking after college typically reduced their alcohol use during school – a sign in itself that their social development was closer to what is considered normal and on track.
If the subset of students most likely to continue problem drinking in adulthood can be identified during college, they might benefit from counseling or programming that specifically aims to lower long-term high-risk drinking, the researchers say. And the junior year might be the best time to introduce the intervention.
“We saw clear differences that, if they could be identified during college, could potentially lead to interventions that would make a difference in the long term,” said Ada Demb, associate professor of educational policy and leadership at Ohio State and senior author of the study.

Plenty of research has described the typical psychosocial and cognitive development that college students experience. Generally, development for young adults involves establishing an identity separate from parents and peers, sharpening judgment, developing interpersonal relationships and even mastering the use of alcohol.
Demb and Campbell compared the drinking survey results with typical college student development trends and found that high-risk college drinkers, depending on whether they grew out of the behavior or continued drinking into adulthood, appeared to have used alcohol for different purposes and in different quantities, which may have affected the rate of their social development during school.

Among high-risk drinkers, about 80 percent will grow out of that behavior. But 20 percent become what the researchers call “adult persistent” drinkers who maintain high-risk alcohol use well into adulthood. In this study, the results were very close to the national trend, with 78.9 percent of respondents scoring as “time limited” drinkers and 21.1 percent scoring as adult persisters whose current drinking behavior could cause them harm.

The reasons for drinking in college were strong indicators for differences between adults who grew out of problem drinking and those who persisted with high-risk alcohol use.
Adult persistent high-risk drinkers were more likely than others to use alcohol for developmental needs beyond the desire for the effect of alcohol and for help with social coping, common reasons for alcohol use among all high-risk college drinkers. The 21 percent of drinkers in the adult persistent group reported they had been more likely to use alcohol for self-confidence and to cope with personal problems during college.
“These students appeared to use alcohol to cope with or avoid developmental tasks,” Campbell said. “So then we’re asking if, in essence, they’re drinking instead of developing along other lines.”
Adult persistent drinkers also drank more alcohol during college than did the high-risk drinkers who eventually grew out of the behavior, indicating the time-limited group appeared to learn how to handle alcohol as they developed socially and cognitively while the adult persisters did not.

Many college-based alcohol intervention programs emphasize prevention and safety and are targeted toward first-year students. Demb and Campbell suggest that specialized programming for potential adult persistent drinkers would ideally focus on future consequences associated with continued excessive drinking, as well as assistance with developmental tasks such as introspective skill-building or developing social competencies outside of alcohol use.
The researchers also noted that family history of alcohol-related disease could be a strong influence on high-risk drinking behavior in college and beyond.
“I don’t think there’s a silver bullet here,” Demb said. “We’re not going to get all 20 percent of long-term high-risk drinkers with one kind of program.
“It’s also not just a college and university job to take care of all of this, but it is an opportunity. One step we can take is to equip the student affairs professionals who work with students day in and day out with more of this information so they might be more aware of differentiation of students.”

-- Source http://researchnews.osu.edu/archive/adultdrink.htm --

Tarzana Treatment Centers in Los Angeles makes a daily effort to find treatment news articles that we can share with our readers in the alcohol and drug treatment community.  The external content was found among other articles of equal informational and educational quality.

College Alcohol Treatment

by James Heller 7. April 2009 07:11
April, 2009 marks the 22nd year of Alcohol Awareness Month.  

Tarzana Treatment Centers is participating with a series of articles meant to inform and educate the general public about alcohol abuse, dependence and treatment.  Considering that over 21 million Americans meet the criteria for alcohol abuse and over 53 million admit to past-month binge drinking, not to mention the many loved ones affected by each, our efforts are worthwhile.

Alcohol detox and treatment for college students could solve many of the crime and low performance problems at post-secondary institutions, but only if the needed treatment is sought.  There are several reasons that college students do not seek help when alcohol becomes a problem.  With 1 in 5 students meeting the criteria for alcohol abuse or dependence, anyone with a family member in college should make themselves aware of the facts.

This is not to suggest that every student who gets drunk at a party should go straight to the nearest alcohol rehab and check in.  Alcohol poisoning should, of course, be guarded against.  Occasional heavy drinking is not, by itself, alcohol abuse, though it could be an indication of a problem when coupled with other factors like cravings.

Problems generally develop when a college student engages in “heavy and frequent” drinking, which falls into the category of alcohol abuse.  They are more likely to commit crimes, engage in unsafe sex, and miss classes than even those who are alcohol dependent, and they are less likely to seek treatment.  Since these students will not seek alcohol treatment on their own, it is especially important that friends and family members encourage them to do so.

The statistics below are from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.  The numbers suggest that 95% of the student alcohol abusers and dependents surveyed had not pursued alcohol treatment in the past year.

-- Begin external content –

Treatment for Alcohol Problems: An Unmet Need


In a recent survey:*

  •   9 percent of college students ages 18–24 met the criteria** for alcohol abuse or dependence.
  •   5 percent of these students sought treatment for alcohol problems in the year preceding the survey.
  •   3 percent of these students thought they should seek help but did not.

These data underscore an important fact—that while good individual treatment is available for alcoholism, these programs often are not accessible to a broad audience.

Moreover, the students who drink most heavily are the least likely to seek treatment; yet they experience or are responsible for the greatest number of alcohol-related problems on campus***.

* National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions
** From the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM–IV), American Psychiatric Association.
*** Presley, C.A., and Pimentel, E.R. The introduction of the heavy and frequent drinker: A proposed classification to increase accuracy of alcohol assessments in postsecondary educational settings. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 67:324–331, 2006. PMID: 16562416
-- Source: http://www.collegedrinkingprevention.gov/1College_Bulletin-508_361C4E.pdf --

Tarzana Treatment Centers in Los Angeles makes a daily effort to find treatment news articles that we can share with our readers in the alcohol and drug treatment community.  The external content was found among other articles of equal informational and educational quality.